Business Intelligence Development Studio
This solution oriented interface is intended for creating Business intelligence services, integrating projects involving Analysis Services, Reporting services and Data Transformation Services. It is similar to SQL Server Management Studio and provides integration with Visual SourceSafe.
SQL Server Integration Services
This is a revamped version of the SQL Server 2000 based Data Transformation Services. The improvements have been made in the performance, usability and manageability aspects of the tool. It contains a Business Intelligence Workbench and SQL server Workbench which enables extracting data for the data warehouse simpler.
Analysis Services has been enhanced to give better performance.
Relational and XML data support
Both relational and XML structured data are supported. The XML data becomes available through the addition of the XML data type and allows storing of XML fragments and documents in SQL Server databases. It has new data types such as VARCHAR(MAX), NVARCHAR(MAX) and VARBINARY(MAX) which has an ability to store up to 2 GB of data supplementing TEXT, NTEXT and IMAGE data types.
SQL Computer Manager
This utility is accessible from the Programs menu and is implemented as a Microsoft Management console snap in. It has a functionality that is based on Windows Management Instrumentation. It combines the features of SQL Server Manager, Server Network Configuration and Client Network configuration. It is backward compatible.
The SQL Profiler has been enhanced with a few new features. The ability to analyze MDX Analysis Services statements and monitoring the operation of the Data Transformation services are significant changes to the tool. Access to the utility is no longer limited to the SysAdmin fixed server role. It can be granted to designated logins in the Analysis server role.
Aggregated views allow grouping of recorded events on the basis of arbitrarily selected criteria. Special file types can be used to extract and store events for ease of troubleshooting. The Create Trace Wizard enables the creation of traces. Deadlocks can be displayed in a graphical view and integration with the Windows System monitor helps troubleshoot problems of performance.
Database Tuning Advisor
This is an enhanced version of the Index tuning Wizard. In SQL Server 2005 it integrates with the SQL Profiler and reduces the time spent on tuning. It also helps determine whether aligned or non-aligned layout should be used to benefit performance in dealing with partitioning related tables. It analyzes workload and physical implementation of one or more databases. It uses trace files, trace tables or Transact-SQL scripts as workload input when tuning databases. It can recommend the optimum physical design structure for the database and statistics that should be collected to backup physical design structures.
Command Line Utilities
The SQLWB.EXE launches the SQL Server Management Studio from the command prompt. The server type can be specified by using the various switches of this command. Databases can also be specified or queries, projects and solutions can be specified. The default values of this command is stored in Tools>options menu. Profiler90.Exe is used as a command line utility that launches the SQL Profiler and provides an ability to connect to a server or Analysis Services or database, table, template or file etc.
DTA.EXE is a command line version of the Database Tuning Advisor. It analyzes performance and provides recommendations regarding improvements. It can run on the same server or on a different server. Connection settings will have to be specified using the switches. Other functions such as table tuning, workload in the form of SQL Profiler Trace, SQL file or SQL Server Trace file etc can also be performed using this utility along with the switches.
This is a new and improved version of the OSQL and ISQL programs of the earlier versions of this server. It helps connect to any version of SQL Server via OLE DB. It runs batches of T-SQL statements. It can also connect to a server via the Dedicated Administrative connection when invoked with an –A switch from the Command prompt.
A number of functional enhancements have also been made to SQLCMD.EXE. Creation of elaborate scripts, provision for setting the SQLCMDPASSWORD environment variable, assignment of custom and predefined scripting variable for use within scripts and execution of SQLCMD scripts from within the query editor are some of the new features added in SQL Server 2005.
The above details were only intended to give the reader a flavor of the new SQL Server 2005. We will study the features in greater detail later in this tutorial and also learn how to use them to an advantage.