Team Types and Characteristics
A team is a composition of selected individuals who work together interdependently to achieve shared objectives. There may be various teams that exist within an organization. The teams in a larger organization interact with each other and with the organization. A team may be formed based on a certain dimension or category. Generally, a team can be temporary or permanent depending on factors such as goal and task assignment. Mobdro Download App Regardless of the type of team, an effective team is made up of characteristics that can be distinguished from a group.
Types of Teams based on Dimensions
a. Functional Team
The teams belonging to this aspect generally consist of members coming from the same work groups such as departments in an organization.
b. Cross-Functional Teams
The team members come from various work units who are selected to address mutual issues and problems.
a. Problem-Solving Teams
The members in this team are geared towards creating solutions to existing issues.
b. Developmental Teams
Usually temporary, these teams are formed to design and develop new products, service, or systems.
a. Temporary Teams
These teams are formed for a certain project or purpose and get dissolved when the goals are achieved and the tasks are completed. An example of this would be a committee.
Team members of a permanent team are usually headed by an appointed leader such as that of a work group in a company.
Common Types of Teams
1. Self-Managed Teams : Self-managed or self-directed teams are permanent type of teams with members who are working with set boundaries. In usual cases, a self-directed team does not have a leader, but some teams are directed by a designated team leader. Yet, even with a team leader, the team decides based on consensus and is held accountable for the outcome of team decisions and actions.
2. Problem-Solving Teams : Problem-solving teams are formed for a purpose and are deemed temporary. Organizational issues that cannot be resolved within the standard procedures are assigned to this type of team. Problem-solving teams are also cross-functional since the members usually come from varied work units or areas of the organization.
3. Project Teams : Project teams are temporary since these teams only exist for a specific period of time based on a given project or task assignment. These teams are also cross-functional, with the members coming from various work groups working together for one project or task.
4. Sports Teams : Apparently, a sports team is composed of members or players and Mobdro APK a support group who play a certain type of sport together.
5. Virtual Teams : Virtual team members communicate with each other using technology in working collaboratively and mutually on a task. The members of a virtual team may come from different parts of the world and have varying cultures. When working together, the team does so virtually and rarely conducts meetings in person.
Characteristics of an Effective Team
A team is characterized by several attributes that make up an efficient and high-performing team. The following are defined characteristics of an effective team:
1. Clear Direction and Purpose : A team knows the reason for its existence and is working for clear and established goals.
2. Clear Roles and Responsibilities : With clear roles, team members understand individual role assignment and contributions to the success of the team. Each member is interdependent on each other in order to function efficiently.
3. Team Norms :Norms are rules that keep the team members within the standards and defined boundaries of the team goals. These ground rules also maintain a harmonious working relationship in a team.
4. Knowledgeable Team Members : A team functions effectively with members who demonstrate the right skills and knowledge to carry out a task. Team members have to have complementary skills to mutually work together.
5. Interpersonal Relationships : Every team member must be able to interact well with each other considering that a team is a collective group of diverse individuals with personal traits and values.
6. Sharing Success and Failures : Every team success must be celebrated equally among members with pride. Each member must be recognized for every effort and contribution. Also, the members must be open to criticisms and must hold everyone responsible for team failure.