PHP Tutorials – Data Types
In this PHP Tutorial you will learn about PHP Data Types viz. Numeric values, String values, Boolean values, Arrays, Objects and NULL.
There are two numeric values in PHP, they are:
1. integer: Integer numbers don’t have floating point, for example, 5, 12, 1567
2. real: or floating point numbers, real number has a floating point, for example, 2.3
There are three ways to represent the numeric values:
1. base 10 numbers: They are represented using digits from 1 to 9, with an optional (.) for floating point if the value is real.
2. base 8 numbers: They are represented by preceding the number by zero ‘0’, and it only permits the digits from 0 to 7, example 023, which is the same as 19
3. base 16 numbers: They are represented by preceding zero and x ‘0x’, and it permits the digits from 0 – 9 and characters from ‘A’ to ‘F’, for example, 0x3f, which is the same as 63
String values are sequence of characters, included in a single quote or double quotes, for example,
‘This is a string’.
The value inside the quotes are not modified, so if you want to use quotes inside the string, then they have to be escaped, we escape characters in PHP by using backslash,
‘She wrote: \’PHP is easy to learn\’’.
The quote is not the only special character that can be escaped, other characters that can be escaped are:
\n Line feed
\r Carriage return
\” Double quotes
“This is \n a string”, this will evaluate to:
Boolean values are true or false, also 0 and empty string evaluates to false, and any numeric value rather than zero, or a string that is not empty evaluates to true.
An array is a collection of elements of heterogeneous type, arrays will be explained later.
An object is a collection of data and code, you will learn about Objects later in a seperate tutorial.
NULL means no value. It does not contain any meaningful data.